AD 306-337

AE3. 3.37g, 19.6mm

MINTED: Thessalonica mint, AD 326-328
REF: RIC VII Thessalonica 154

OBVERSE: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with 8 layers, dots in top layer, star between 2 turrets, pellet in doorway, pellet in right field; SMTSЄ in exergue.



Medium brown patina. The scarcer variety of the campgate type, with open-doors.  Interestingly, the evidence of undertype shows that this coin was struck twice, possibly because the first strike was weak.  However, the flan rotated between strikes, resulting in the devices being significantly misaligned. 

Historical Notes:

Constantine was the son of Constantius I, one of the two junior co-rulers serving under emperors Diocletian and Maximian during the First Tetrarchy. During the civil strife that began with the collapse of the Tetrarchic institution, Constantine, with the support of his late father's legions and a number of opportunistic political alliances, saw his power grow from strength to strength. By successively defeating the emperors Maximian, Maxentius, and Licinius, he made himself the sole master of the Roman Empire by AD 324.


Constantine was the first Roman emperor to openly support Christianity and become a Christian. He founded the great city of Constantinople (modern day Istanbul) and made it the new centre of his Empire, from where he ruled for a further thirteen years until his death in AD 337. Assessment of Constantine as a man and emperor has been polarised since ancient times. He has been seen by some as a great military commander and hero, an empire rebuilder and reformer, and a paragon of Christian virtue. Others portray him as vain, greedy and suspicious, a master manipulator and tyrant who put to death his wife, father-in-law, eldest son, and numerous others.

CONSTANTINE I . AD 306-337 . AE3 . Open-door Campgate . *Rotated doublestrike*

SKU: 2441
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