CHRISTIAN PERSECUTION ISSUE
Time of Maximinus II
AE (Quarter-Follis?). 1.09g, 16.1mm
MINTED: Antioch mint, circa AD 312
REF: RIC-; Vagi 2955
OBVERSE: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter seated left, holding globe and sceptre.
REVERSE: VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory standing left, holding wreath; Δ in left field, Є in right field; ANT in exergue.
Almost Very Fine.
Part of an interesting group of anonymous civic coinage, issued at a time when the pagan authorities of Antioch appealed to Maximinus to banish the Christians from their city. Similar movements occured at Nicomedia and Alexandria, which also issued their own 'persecution' coins.
An added note of interest is the officina mark Δ-Є. The series was struck at 10 officinae, or workshops. This particular coin was struck at the 9th workshop, and where Θ being the 9th letter of the Greek alphabet could otherwise have been used as an officina mark, it was also the first letter of the word 'death' ( Θάνατος, or Thanatos) and considered unlucky. Therefore, Δ-Є (4+5) was used in its place.
Maximinus II Daia was the nephew of emperor Galerius, and even before the latter's death, he had begun to claim the title of Augustus, in competition with Constantine I, Licinius, and Maxentius. Early Christian writers who lived through his persecutions of Christians ascribed all manner of crimes and sinful vices to him. Eusebius wrote that Maximinus was "deranged and crazed", an "instructor in wickedness to those about him", and that he "could not pass through a city without continually corrupting women and ravishing virgins." In 313, Maximinus's army was defeated by that of Licinius at the Battle of Tzirallum. Maximinus escaped the battle dressed as a slave and fled to Tarsus, where he continued to be beseiged by Licinius until his death in August of that year.
CHRISTIAN PERSECUTION ISSUE . Temp. Maximinus II Daia . AD 310-313 . AE
MINOTAUR COINS offers a Lifetime Authenticity Guarantee on all coins purchased. Any coin determined to be inauthentic can be returned unconditionally and at any time for a full refund.
Delivery by Registered Mail within Singapore is FREE for orders $50 and above. Shipping fees apply only for orders under $50 and for all international orders.