Saif al-Din Ghazi II (AD 1170-1180)

AE Dirhem. 7.82g, 28.5mm
MINTED: al-Mawsil (Mosul)?, AH 566 (AD 1170/1)
REF: Spengler & Sayles Type 60.4; Album 1861.1
OBVERSE: Draped bust with dishevelled hair facing slightly left; two winged creatures above, date across fields.

REVERSE: Name and titles of Saif al-Din Ghazi II in five lines and in outer margins.



Brown patina with earthen deposits in fields highlighting devices. A couple of light scratches on obverse. 


Historical Notes:

The Zengids were a dynasty of Turkoman Muslim emirs who controlled much of Syria and northern Iraq between the 12th and 13th centuries.  Under their founder Imad al-Din Zengi (AD 1127-1146), they gained prominence by conquering the County of Edessa, the first of the Crusader states to be established in the region.  After Zengi's death in 1146, his territories were split between two of his sons, one of whom for a time counted amongst his vassals the famous Saladin, then the Governor of Egypt.  Later Zengid emirs, ruling independently from their power bases at Mosul, Aleppo, Sinjar and al-Jazira, would gradually lose control of their territories, until the last of the Zengid cities was taken in 1250 by the Ayubbid emir An-Nasir Yusuf, a great grandson of Saladin.  


Saif al-Din Ghazi II was the Emir of Mosul from AD 1170 to 1180. During his rule, he came into conflict with Saladin, who had crowned himself Sultan of Egypt in AD 1174 and was intent on conquering Syria as well as the Zengid territories.  Twice defeated by Saladin's armies, Saif al-Din was ultimately forced to sue for peace and had to cede control of Syria to Saladin. 

ZENGIDS OF MOSUL . Saif al-Din Ghazi II . AE Dirhem . Twice defeated by Saladin

SKU: 4133
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