AR Denarius. 3.33g, 17.4mm
MINTED: Rome mint, Jan-June AD 80
REF: RIC II 108
OBVERSE: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right.
REVERSE: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, wreath above curule chair.
Very Fine. Bold portrait of Titus, strongly resembling his father Vespasian.
The curule chair (sella curulis) was the official chair of Roman magistrates such as consuls, praetors, and curule aediles. It was symbolic of their imperium, the formal power and authority given to them by the position they occupied. It was known to have been uncomfortable to sit on for long periods of time, a fact congruent with the idea that Rome's officials were expected to perform their duties efficiently and without procrastination.
Titus was the eldest son of emperor Vespasian and the first man to inherit the throne from his own father. When Vespasian was governor of Judea and the First Jewish-Roman War erupted, it was Titus who bravely led the legions that beseiged and captured Jerusalem. Upon his father's ascension, Titus served as commander of the Praetorian Guard and also shared many of the emperor's political duties. It was under Titus that the Colosseum was completed and inaugurated. When several disasters occured - the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, and the devastation of parts of Rome by fire and plague the next year - the emperor released great sums of money in an effort to relieve the suffering of those affected. When he died prematurely in AD 81 of a fever, having been on the throne for just over two years, Titus was deeply mourned by the populace of Rome.
TITUS . AD 79-81 . AR Denarius . Sella Curulis, symbol of imperium
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