SEVERUS II, as Caesar
AE Follis. 10.41g, 28.9mm
MINTED: Antioch mint, AD 306
REF: RIC VI Antioch 75a (scarce)
OBVERSE: FL VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES, laureate head right.
REVERSE: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left pouring libation from patera and holding cornucopiae; A in right field, ANT •-over-• in exergue.
Good Fine. Well-centered. Green-brown patina with attractive bust of Severus.
Valerius Severus, or Severus II, was an close friend of Galerius, the designated heir of Emperor Diocletian. When the Second Tetrarchy formed in 305 under Galerius and Constantius Chlorus, Severus was appointed Caesar of the Western Roman Empire, serving under Constantius. In 306, Constantius fell ill and died, and Severus found himself suddenly promoted to the rank of full Augustus. His rule was soon challenged by Maxentius, son of the retired Emperor Maximianus, who staged a rebellion at Rome in October 306. Severus led an army against Maxentius, but Maxentius persuaded his father to come out of retirement to support him, and most of Severus's soldiers defected to their former commander, the old emperor. Severus ended up surrendering to Maximianus, who promised to spare his life. However, when Galerius himself marched against them in the summer of 307, Maxentius soon decided to put to death the imprisoned Severus.
SEVERUS II, as Caesar . AD 305-306 . Follis . "Genius standing" . Scarce
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