AR Denarius. 3.17g, 19.9mm
MINTED: Rome mint, AD 208
REF: RIC 220
OBVERSE: SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right.
REVERSE: P M TR P XVI COS III P P, Genius, naked, standing left, sacrificing out of patera in right hand over garlanded and lighted altar, left, and holding cornucopia in left hand.
Toned. A couple of minor edge splits.
Dated to 208, the year Septimius Severus and his family sailed to Britain to begin his military campaign to conquer Caledonia (modern day Scotland). The emperor would eventually die there from an illness in 211.
Septimius Severus was the founder of the Severan Dynasty. He was a native of Leptis Magna (in modern day Libya), born into a wealthy family of mixed Roman Italian and Punic-Berber descent. He came to power in 193, the year during which a civil war erupted following the assassination of Emperor Pertinax by the Praetorian guard. That year saw a total of five men acclaimed Augustus, but it was finally Septimius who won the throne after defeating his rivals Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus.
Septimius was an effective if harsh emperor, living up to his name Severus (the Severe). He was also one of the most militarily vigorous emperors, conquering various Arab tribes, the Assyrians at Adiabene, the Caledonians in Britain, as well as defeating the Parthian Empire.
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS . AD 193-211 . AR Denarius . Genius .
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