Billon Antoninianus. 3.61g, 21.5mm
MINTED: Samosata mint, AD 260-261
REF: RIC 6 (R2); Cohen 8; MIR 1735f
OBVERSE: IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
REVERSE: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter seated left, holding patera in his right hand and long scepter in his left; to left at feet, eagle.
Very Fine. Some roughness, as is usual for issues of Quietus and Macrianus, but this example really quite nice for the type with a clear portrait and detailed reverse.
When Emperor Valerian was captured by the Persians in 260, Macrianus, the keeper of the Imperial treasury, with the assistance of the praetorian prefect Balista, took the opportunity to usurp his throne and take control of the Empire's eastern provinces. As Macrianus would not have been accepted as emperor because of a physical deformity, he instead raised his two sons, Macrianus Minor and Quietus, to the throne. In 261, Macrianus marched towards Europe with Macrianus Minor to challenge Emperor Gallienus, Valerian's son and co-ruler, only to have their army crushed by Gallienus's commander of the cavalry Aureolus in Thrace. With his father and elder brother dead, Quietus's position became precarious, and within months, his headquarters was overrun by an army under Odaenathus of Palmyra, a client-king loyal to Gallienus. Quietus was forced to flee to Edessa, where he was beseiged by Odaenathus and subsequently killed by the inhabitants of the city.
QUIETUS, Usurper . AD 260-261 . Billon Antoninianus . Scarce 3rd century usurper
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