AD 238

AR Denarius. 3.09g, 20.7mm
MINTED: Rome mint, AD 238
REF: RIC 5; Cohen 29
OBVERSE: IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: P M TR P COS II P P, togate figure of the emperor standing left, holding branch and parazonium.



Good Very Fine/Very Fine. Wonderful, sharp portrait.    



Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 89, Munich 1998, lot 474


Historical Notes:

Pupienus Maximus was one of six men who bore the title of emperor in 238.  He held the post of Urban Prefect of Rome when Gordians I and II staged a rebellion in the province of Africa.  The majority of the senators in Rome supported the revolt against Maximinus Thrax, the 'barbarian' emperor, and given his accomplishments as a military commander, Pupienus was part of a senatorial committee tasked to organize the resistance in Rome against Maximinus.  When the rebellion of the Gordians failed, the Roman Senate elected Pupienus and his colleague Balbinus as co-emperors.  The two senators, however, were not well-liked by the populace, and they were soon made to share power with Gordian III, the young grandson of Gordian I.

Balbinus and Pupienus quickly came to hate each other, and even after Maximinus had been defeated, they were in constant conflict and suspicious of each other.  In the end, it was the Praetorian Guard who decided that they had enough of the struggle for power between the two.  During a meeting between the two emperors, a group of Praetorian guards broke into their room, stripped them naked, and dragged them through the streets of Rome before murdering them.  Their joint rule had lasted a mere three months.

PUPIENUS . AD 238 . AR Denarius . *Rare short-lived emperor*

SKU: 3993

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