POSTUMUS, Gallic Empire Usurper
Billon Antoninianus. 3.4g, 21mm
MINTED: Trier mint, AD 267
REF: RIC 329
OBVERSE: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: SERAPI COMITI AVG, Serapis standing left, raising hand & holding sceptre.
Very Fine. Minor flan crack.
Serapis was a syncretic Graeco-Egyptian god introduced into Ptolemaic Egypt whose cult gained popularity throughout the Roman Empire. His widespread and enduring appeal is evidenced by his appearance on this coin struck by a Gallic usurper almost 300 years after the last of the Ptolemies ruled Egypt.
Postumus was one of the most successful of the 3rd century usurpers, establishing the break-away Gallic Empire. He was the imperial legate of Lower Germany under Emperor Valerian, and when the latter was defeated and captured by the Persians, Postumus's troops proclaimed him Augustus against Valerian's son and co-ruler, Gallienus. Gallienus's repeated attempts to crush Postumus's revolt never succeeded, and from 260 to 269, Postumus ruled over Gaul, Germany, Raetia, Britannia and Hispania. Interestingly, the coins he struck were often of higher quality and better style than those of Gallienus.
POSTUMUS, Usurper . AD 260-269 . Antoninianus . "Serapis"
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