AE As. 8.23g, 27.8mm
MINTED: Rome mint, AD 64-68
REF: RIC 306
OBVERSE: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP, laureate head right.
REVERSE: PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, Temple of Janus, with latticed window to left and double doors to right with garland hung across; S-C in field.
Good Fine. Cleaned, corroded yellow surfaces but with decent detail remaining and almost all of the critical reverse legend still visible.
A popular and desirable Neronian reverse type, showing the facade of the Temple of Janus with its doors closed. According to tradition, Romulus, the mythological founder of Rome, had built the ancient temple when he had made peace with the Sabines, and Rome's second king, Numa Pompilius, had decreed that the doors should be opened at times of war and closed when peace had re-established. Rome was frequently at war, and prior to Nero's time, the doors of the temple had been closed half a dozen times or fewer. When Nero had them closed in 65 AD after the successful campaigns of Domitius Corbulo against the Parthians, he issued a series of coinage to commemorate the event. The reverse of this coin bears the legend PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, meaning, "As peace for the Roman People is everywhere, the doors of [the temple of] Janus are closed".
One of Rome's most well-known and infamous emperors, Nero inherited the throne at the age of seventeen when his stepfather, Claudius, was poisoned by his wife and Nero's mother, Agrippina. Nero is often characterized as a debauched, gluttonous tyrant, responsible for the murders of his mother, stepbrother, and wife, as well as the executions of numerous senators and political rivals. He began persecuting Christians, having them burned alive in his garden, and he is also said to have sang while the city of Rome was consumed in a great fire that Nero himself had started. After thirteen years of rule, Nero faced a major rebellion of the governors Gaul and Spain in AD 68. In Rome, he was abandoned by the Praetorian Guard, and confronted by rumours that a hostile Senate had declared him an enemy of the state and ordered his execution, he committed suicide.
NERO . AD 54-68 . As . "Temple of Janus"
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