NABATAEA, Kingdom of
Rabbel II with Shuqailat II (his mother), AD 71-106
AE19. 3.38g, 17.9mm
MINTED: NABATAEA, Petra mint, circa AD 70-75
REF: Meshorer 146; Barkay Type 18
OBVERSE: Jugate busts of Rabbel II and Shaqilat II (his mother) right.
REVERSE: Crossed cornucopias; Aramaic legend "Rabbel / Shuqailat / his mother" in three lines: two between the horns and one below.
Original earthen desert patina.
Shuqailat II, the mother of Rabbel, died during the first half of the 6th year of his reign (AD 75/6), and coins such as this one bearing her name thus date up to around AD 75. Thereafter, Rabbel began to rule together with his first wife, Gamilat.
These issues are much scarcer in the market compared to the similar types struck together with Gamilat.
The Nabataeans were a tribe of Arab nomads and traders who settled in an area between the Arabian and Sinai Peninsulas, bordering Judaea and Egypt. From their well-protected capital of Raqmu (better known to us as the historic city of Petra in Jordan), the Nabataeans became a regional power in the late 4th century BC, dominating the trade in frankincense and other spices, and controlling a confluence of carvan routes that travelled through their lands.
Rabbel II was the last ruler of the Nabataean Kingdom. He was the son of Malichus II, and was still a child when his father died. He ascended the throne with his mother Shuqailat II serving as regent, eventually marrying his sister, Gamilat, and ruling from AD 70 to 106. At that time, the Roman Empire was already a dominant power in the region, and when Rabbel died, the armies of Emperor Trajan annexed the kingdom, incoporating it into the province of Arabia Petraea.
NABATAEAN KINGDOM . Rabbel II & Shuqailat II . AD 71-106 . AE19 . *scarce type*
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