MAXIMIANUS (Second Reign)
AE Follis. 5.6g, 26.6mm
MINTED: Ticinum mint, AD 307-308
REF: RIC VI Ticinum 92
OBVERSE: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right.
REVERSE: CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing, head left, within hexastyle temple, holding globe and sceptre; shield at base of sceptre, knobs as acroteria; ST in exergue.
Very Fine. Dark green patina with some scattered mineral hoard deposits.
A nice type from Maximianus's brief second reign.
Ex E.E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection
Elvira Eliza Clain-Stefanelli (1914-2001) was born in Romania, and during World War II, she and her husband Vladimir were sent by the Gestapo to Buchenwald concentration camp. They survived their 3-year imprisonment and when the war was over, moved to Italy, where they worked in the numismatic trade. In 1951, they moved to the United States, where their knowledge and passion for numismatics led to them becoming curators of National Numismatics Collection at the Smithsonian. Together, they were also authors of numerous important reference works and curated an excellent personal collection of coins.
Maximianus, also known as Maximian or Maximianus Herculius, was an acclaimed Roman general who was made co-emperor by his close friend and ally Diocletian when the latter ascended to the throne. When Diocletian decided to retire in 305 after 21 years of rule, he enjoined Maximianus to do the same so that their respective Caesars, Galerius and Constantius I, could take their places and rule the empire. Maximianus was reluctant to abdicate, and in 306, urged on by his son, Maxentius to join his revolt against the legitimate emperors, Maximianus took the purple for the second time. He was forced to retire again in 308, but in 310, he declared himself Augustus in rebellion against Constantine I. His third reign lasted mere months, and when captured by Constantine, he was forced to commit suicide.
MAXIMIANUS (Second Reign) . AD 306-308 . Follis . Temple of Roma **Pedigreed**
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