AE Antoninianus. 4.08g, 23.7mm
MINTED: Antioch mint, AD 285-290
REF: RIC V 622
OBVERSE: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter, standing right and holding sceptre, handing globe to Hercules, standing left and holding club and lion skin, who hands Victory to Jupiter; Crescent-over-S between, XXI in exergue.
Almost Extremely Fine. Well-centered and struck with lightly toned silvering; very minor surface roughness.
An interesting reverse type, with Hercules standing in for Maximianus and Jupiter for Diocletian.
Maximianus, also known as Maximian or Maximianus Herculius, was an acclaimed Roman general who was made co-emperor by his close friend and ally Diocletian when the latter ascended to the throne. When Diocletian decided to retire in 305 after 21 years of rule, he enjoined Maximianus to do the same so that their respective Caesars, Galerius and Constantius I, could take their places and rule the empire. Maximianus was reluctant to abdicate, and in 306, urged on by his son, Maxentius to join his revolt against the legitimate emperors, Maximianus took the purple for the second time. He was forced to retire again in 308, but in 310, he declared himself Augustus in rebellion against Constantine I. His third reign lasted mere months, and when captured by Constantine, he was forced to commit suicide.
MAXIMIANUS . AD 286-305 . Antoninianus . "Jupiter & Hercules"
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