AE Radiate Fraction (Post-Reform). 2.6g, 23mm
MINTED: Cyzicus mint, AD 295-299
REF: RIC VI Cyzicus 16B
OBVERSE: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM, Maximianus standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left leaning on sceptre; K[...] between them.
Very Fine. Well-centered with a nice, contrasting desert patina.
Ex E.E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection
Elvira Eliza Clain-Stefanelli (1914-2001) was born in Romania, and during World War II, she and her husband Vladimir were sent by the Gestapo to Buchenwald concentration camp. They survived their 3-year imprisonment and when the war was over, moved to Italy, where they worked in the numismatic trade. In 1951, they moved to the United States, where their knowledge and passion for numismatics led to them becoming curators of National Numismatics Collection at the Smithsonian. Together, they were also authors of numerous important reference works and curated an excellent personal collection of coins.
Maximianus, also known as Maximian or Maximianus Herculius, was an acclaimed Roman general who was made co-emperor by his close friend and ally Diocletian when the latter ascended to the throne. When Diocletian decided to retire in 305 after 21 years of rule, he enjoined Maximianus to do the same so that their respective Caesars, Galerius and Constantius I, could take their places and rule the empire. Maximianus was reluctant to abdicate, and in 306, urged on by his son, Maxentius to join his revolt against the legitimate emperors, Maximianus took the purple for the second time. He was forced to retire again in 308, but in 310, he declared himself Augustus in rebellion against Constantine I. His third reign lasted mere months, and when captured by Constantine, he was forced to commit suicide.
MAXIMIANUS . AD 286-305 . AE Radiate . Concordia. Ex Clain-Stefanelli Collection
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