Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC
AE19. 6.03g, 19.5mm
MINTED: Uncertain mint in west Asia Minor, circa 323-310 BC (posthumous)
REF: Price 2800
OBVERSE: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin.
REVERSE: BAΣIΛEΩS, bow-in-bowcase above club above torch.
Very Fine. Hard earthen concretions covering much of obverse.
Alexander III of Macedonia (336-323 BC) was one of history's greatest conquerors, generals, and military strategists. He was tutored by the great philosopher, Aristotle, and ascended to the throne at the young age of 20 after this father Philip II was assassinated. After a quick consolidation of power and suppression of several revolts amongst his Thracian, Illyrian and Greek subjects, he embarked upon his storied conquest of Persia in 334 BC. Within a period of 4 years, Alexander had utterly defeated the armies of the Persian king Darius III and occupied all the major cities of the once mighty Empire, including its capital Babylon. Not satisfied with this achievement, Alexander continued to march his troops through Central Asia and towards India, in a quest to unify under his rule as much of the known lands of both the west and east.
In 326 BC, Alexander fought and defeated Porus, the Indian king who ruled over the region of what is now the Punjab. He was next going to send his army against the Nanda Empire to the east, but when his war-weary veterans refused to march and threatened to mutiny against him, and Alexander finally agreed to allow them to reutrn home. Alexander himself marched with some of his troops back to Babylon, where he based himself for the next few years. In 323 BC, he was planning an invasion of Arabia when he fell ill with a fever and died, at the age of 32. He was undefeated in battle and had created one of the largest empires in history, one over 5 million square kilometres in land area and stretching from Greece to northwestern India.
MACEDONIAN KINGDOM . Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC . AE19 . Bow and Club
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