MACEDONIA, KINGDOM OF
Demetrios I Poliorketes (294-288 BC)
AE15. 3.76g, 14.9mm
MINTED: Salamis mint, circa 294-288 BC
REF: SNG Alpha Bank 954-5
OBVERSE: Helmeted head of Athena right, helmet ornamented with bull's horn.
REVERSE: BA, prow right; monogram below.
Good. Dark, porous surfaces.
Demetrios I, son of Antigonos I Monophthalmos, was the first Antigonid king of the Macedonian kingdom. He made his name fighting alongside his father during their incessant wars with the other successors of Alexander the Great. Demetrios was given the title Soter ('Saviour') by the Athenians when he freed them from the rule of Kassander, but was better known by the name Poliorketes ('the Beseiger') because of the ingenious siege engines he would invent and employ when attempting to conquer a city. One of these was a giant battering ram that was over 50 metres long that required 1000 men to operate, and another was a 40 metre tall siege tower named Helepolis ('Taker of Cities').
Demetrios made himself king of Macedonia in 294 BC, and ruled there until 288 BC, when Pyrrhos, Ptolemy and Lysimachos allied to eject him. Though he died a prisoner of the Seleukid king, Seleukos I Nikator, in 283 BC, Demetrios's desendants would return to Macedonia and rule there as kings until Macedonia eventually fell to the Romans in 168 BC.
MACEDONIA, KINGDOM OF . Demetrios I Poliorketes, 294-288 BC . AE15 . 'Beseiger'
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