Wife of Septimius Severus. AD 193-217
AR Denarius. 2.96g, 19.2mm
MINTED: Rome mint, AD 211-217, struck under Caracalla
REF: RIC (Caracalla) 382; RSC 137
OBVERSE: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right.
REVERSE: MATRI DEVM, Cybele, wearing mural crown, standing facing, head left, holding drum and scepter, leaning on column, lion at her feet to left.
Very Fine. Toned, with a scattering of green mineral hoard deposits on surface.
Julia Domna, the daughter of the high priest of Ba'al at Emesa, belonged to a wealthy and aristocratic Arab-Syrian family. Beautiful, intelligent, and highly-educated, she caught the imagination of Septimius Severus, a Roman general serving in Syria, when he met her and was told that her horoscope predicted that she would marry a king. Septimius duly proposed marriage to her, and some years later, won the throne of Rome, becoming Emperor in 193.
Domna frequently accompanied her husband on his military campaigns and was his close confidante. Her influence saw a cultural Renaissance at Rome, where she was also involved in major building projects. After Severus's death, she sought to mediate between her sons, Caracalla and Geta, both of whom hated each other. Here, she would be unsuccessful, and Caracalla would murder Geta within a year of their co-rule.
JULIA DOMNA . AD 193-217 . AR Denarius . MATRI DEVM - Mother of the Gods
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