HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA, wife of Trajan Decius
AE30. 14.12g, 30.2mm
MINTED: CILICIA, Tarsus, AD 249-251
REF: RPC 1373
OBVERSE: EPEΝΝΙΑΝ [ΑΙΤΡΟΥϹΚΙΛΛ]Α (sic), draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders.
REVERSE: ΤΑΡϹΟV ΜΗ - ΤΡ - ΟΠΟΛƐΩϹ around, [Α] / Μ / Κ - Γ / Β in field, Dionysus standing left, head right, holding bunch of grapes over panther and thyrsus.
Ex Bill Behnen Collection (Ex Antioch Associates Flier, December 1995, no. 159)
Fine. Dark green and red patina.
A scarce provincial type of impressive size.
The ancient city of Tarsos in Cilicia (southern Asia Minor) was for much of its history the chief city of the region. Ruled by the Assyrians, followed by the Persian Empire, the Macedonian Empire, and then the Seleukid Kingdom, the city flourished and for many centuries grew both in terms of size and wealth. Numerous grand palaces, markets and temples were built in the city, which also gained renown for its scholars and philosophers. Strabo, writing some decades after Tarsos came under Roman rule in 67 BC, noted anecdotally that in Rome, the greatest number of learned men in the city were from Alexandria and Tarsos. For example, Athenodorus Cananites, tutor to Augustus, the first Roman emperor, was a native of Tarsos. The city retained its importance throughout the Roman period and well into the Byzantine era.
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA . CILICIA, Tarsus . AE30 . Dionysos . *Scarce & Pedigreed*
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