AE23. 5.76g, 23.1mm
MINTED: BITHYNIA, Nicaea, circa AD 238-244
REF: SNG von Aulock 658 var (rev legend break)
OBVERSE: M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: NIKA-IЄΩN, Tyche standing left holding cornucopiae and rudder; uncertain countermark.
Good/Fine. Cleaned, original yellow orichalchum surfaces with some scattered encrustations. Uncertain countermark forcefully applied on the reverse, with resultant concavity bending the flan and flattening features on the obverse. An odd, interesting coin.
Nicaea was given its name by Lysimachos, the King of Thrace, after he had defeated Antigonos the One-Eyed in 301 BC and taken over his domains. During the period of Roman rule, an octogonal wall 3 miles long was built around the city. The residents of the city were proud enough of these walls that they featured them on some of their coins. Emperor Constantine built a palace here, and in AD 325, convened the First Council of Nicaea. At this seminal ecclesiastical meeting, church elders from around the Empire debated the relationship between God and Jesus, and fixed the date for the celebration of Easter.
GORDIAN III . BITHYNIA, Nicaea . AE23 . Tyche. Countermarked
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