AE Antoninianus. 3.57g, 22.2mm
MINTED: Rome mint, 9th issue, AD 265-268
REF: MIR 36, 611w; RIC V (sole reign) 216; Cunetio 1229
OBVERSE: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: IOVIS STATOR, Jupiter standing facing, head right, holding spear and thunderbolt.
Ex N. M. McQ. Holmes Collection; ex Normanby Hoard (1985) [IRBCH 854], no. 229 (part of), purchased from C.J. Martin (Coins) Ltd., 1987.
The Normanby Hoard, discovered in Lincolnshire, United Kingdom, in December 1985, is one of the largest and most important ancient coin hoards ever found in Britain. The hoard, comprising 47,898 Roman coins struck between AD 253-287, was cleaned and studied by the British Museum after its discovery, and was subsequently the subject of a detailed analysis and catalogue by Roger Bland and Andrew Burnett published in 1988. The British Museum as well as the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford acquired coins from the Normanby Hoard for their coin cabinets.
Very Fine. Traces of original silvering still present; hint of porosity.
Gallienus was co-emperor with his father, Valerian, from 253 until 260, when the latter was defeated and captured by the Persian king, Shapur the Great. History does not record if Gallienus attempted any recovery of his father, but he did continue his own sole rule of an empire that was rapidly becoming a shadow of its former self. Much of the Roman East had been ravaged by the Persians, and the provinces of Gaul, Germany, Raetia, Britannia and Hispania broke away to form a Gallic Empire under the usurper Postumus. After surrendering rule of the eastern provinces to the Palmyrene nobleman, Odenathus, Gallienus controlled only Italy and the Balkans directly. While many sources paint Gallienus as an irresponsible, indolent and decadent ruler, others record that he successfully repelled a host of barbarian invaders and crushed a number of rebellions. In fact, it was while besieging the rebel general Aureolus at Mediolanum (Milan) in 268 that Gallienus was assassinated.
GALLIENUS . AD 253-268 . Antoninianus . Jupiter . **Ex Normanby Hoard**
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