CONSTANTIUS GALLUS, Caesar
AE Centenionalis. 5.16g, 21.1mm
MINTED: Cyzicus mint (?), AD 351-354
REF: Cf. RIC VIII Cyzicus 94
OBVERSE: DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who wears a Phrygian helmet and is reaching out; Γ in left field, [SMKA-S] in exergue.
Almost Very Fine.
As a result of the slightly compact flan, the mintmark is largely off-flan, but based on style and other attributes, an attribution to the Cyzicus mint is plausible.
Constantius Gallus, nephew of Constantine the Great and half-brother of the future emperor Julian, was appointed to the position of Caesar during the reign of his cousin, Emperor Constantius II. He was charged with the protection of the East and took up court at Antioch in 351 with his wife Constantina, the sister of the emperor. He had some successes on the military front, suppressing a revolt in Palestine and holding off Persian aggression at the borders of the Empire, but by 354, Gallus began to lose the favour of a suspicious and jealous Constantius. When it was suggested to the emperor that Gallus had overstepped his authority when he viciously prosecuted a series of treason trials at Antioch, Gallus was summoned to Constantius's court to give an account of his actions. While en route, he was met by officers of the emperor and arrested. After an interrogation and trial, he was sentenced to death and beheaded.
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS, Caesar . AD 351-354 . AE2 . Falling horseman
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