BRUTTIUM, the Brettii
AE23. 6.16g, 22.6mm
MINTED: BRUTTIUM, The Brettii, circa 211-208 BC
REF: HGC 1, 1368; SNG Cop 1676; HN Italy 1994
OBVERSE: Laureate head of Zeus right.
REVERSE: BPET-TIΩN, eagle standing left with open wings and head reverted.
About Fine. Rough green surfaces.
Struck during the Second Punic War between the Roman Republic and Carthage. A nice budget coin with an excellent provenance to the Cardinal Meisner collection.
Ex Cardinal Joachim Meisner Collection
Cardinal Meisner (1933-2017) was a leading figure in the Roman Catholic church, serving as Archbishop of Cologne from 1989 to 2014. He was a close friend of both Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI. After he passed away in 2017, his private collection of antiquities was auctioned off, with the proceeds going to the Cardinal Meisner Foundation of Cologne.
The Brettii were a tribe who occupied the southwestern peninsula of Italy (in present day Calabria). Their name was derived from the Oscan word for 'runaways', as they were thought to have been a group of slaves who had escaped the rule of the Lucanians. In the mid-fourth century BC, they established themselves in the city of Consentia, later capturing Hipponium, Medma, Thurium and Terina. During the Pyrrhic War (280–275 BC), the Brettii allied themselves with Pyrrhos of Epeiros against the Roman Republic, and during the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), they again stood against the Romans, this time defecting to the Carthaginian general Hannibal. After that war ended with the defeat of the Carthaginians, the Romans punished the Brettii severely, depriving them of most of their territories and turning many of them into slaves.
BRUTTIUM, the Brettii . 211-208 BC . AE23 . Zeus / Eagle . *Ex Cardinal Meisner*
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